The water that reached
Rome flowed into huge high leveled
cisterns (castella). From these cisterns it ran through lead pipes (calices)
city districts. Partly for the emperor, partly for the
rich (if they paid enough for it, the water was distributed
into their homes!) and the rest was distributed by the
public fountains in the city.
A large part of the water was
for the baths (i.e. the one of Caracalla
(see the picture and explanation); these baths were
built by Septimius Severus and Caracalla at
the Via Nova, at the beginning of the 3rd century.
of Caracalla covered 27 acres and could
accommodate 1600 people per shift of
2 hours (a century later, the baths of Diocletianus,
built by Maximianus, ruler
together with Diocletianus,
could receive 3000 guests per shift!). The Aqua Antoniana,
in the southern part of the old Rome, provided
the baths of Caracalla with water.
Many labourers were constantly
repairing and expanding the waterworks over centuries,
supervised by a curator aquarum.
baths of Caracalla, one of the most elegant and
massive Roman baths ever built.
As late as the 5th century aD, over 200
years after it was built, it still was ranked as one of Rome's seven wonders.
2. Public toilets
3. Palaestra (fittness
Apodyterium (changing room)
5. Tepidarium (removal
of dirt and sweat)
6. Caldarium (hottest room of
a Roman bath)
7. Frigidarium (dip into a cold water bath)
Performance center (for entertainment and relaxation)
10. Food and beverage