Cistern + Caracalla




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cisternThe water that reached Rome flowed into huge high leveled cisterns (castella). From these cisterns it ran through lead pipes (calices) into several city districts. Partly for the emperor, partly for the rich (if they paid enough for it, the water was distributed into their homes!) and the rest was distributed by the public fountains in the city.

A large part of the water was destined for the baths (i.e. the one of Caracalla (see the picture and explanation); these baths were built by Septimius Severus and Caracalla at the Via Nova, at the beginning of the 3rd century.
The baths of Caracalla
covered 27 acres and could accommodate 1600 people baths of caracallaper shift of 2 hours (a century later, the baths of Diocletianus, built by Maximianus, ruler together with Diocletianus, could receive 3000 guests per shift!). The Aqua Antoniana, in the southern part of the old Rome, provided the baths of Caracalla with water.

Many labourers were constantly repairing and expanding the waterworks over centuries, supervised by a curator aquarum.

The baths of Caracalla, one of the most elegant and massive Roman baths ever built. baths
As late as the 5th century aD, over 200 years after it was built, it still was ranked as one of Rome's seven wonders.

1. Entrance
2. Public toilets
3. Palaestra (fittness center)
4. Apodyterium (changing room)
5. Tepidarium (removal of dirt and sweat)
6. Caldarium (hottest room of a Roman bath)
7. Frigidarium (dip into a cold water bath)
8. Performance center (for entertainment and relaxation)ruins of caracalla
9. Exposition of art
10. Food and beverage