100 aD the Netherlands were being incorporated in the
Inferior. The capital city was Colonia Claudia Ara Agrapinensis, nowadays Cologne.
The Dutch city Nijmegen was functioning as camp for several Roman legions.
The Romans took
care of building their cities strategically well. Favourite
spots were crossings of roads, water ways and higher
Most of the time cities grew out of or near older settlements.
These principles were also used for Roman cities in
the Netherlands, for example Ulpia Novoiomagus (Nijmegen). This
Roman city lay atop or near the Batavian capital city
Oppidum Batavorum, so called by the Romans. Situated
at the river Waal on a bank and near an important road
it controlled the surroundings.
there are only a few remains. This part of the aqueduct (see
picture above) can
still be admired. In the museum Het
can learn more about the Romans in Nijmegen.