5000 years ago residential areas in Mesopotamia (nowadays
Iraq) were provided with water through canals between
the Tigris and the Euphrates. They built and maintained
an ingenious network of canals and pipes.
4000 years ago, at the river Indus (Pakistan) inhabitants
also had an extensive network of water pipes. They
even had public swimming pools!
The Greek had underground canals and galleries, hewn
out of the rock to lead the water to dry pastures. And
water supllies were stocked for meager times.
The Romans first created the aqueduct as solution for
The arabic-islamitic immigrants ('andalusíes') brought
their irrigation techniques to Spain (8th century). They
renovated and improved that was left of the Romain Aera.
They also built new irrigation systems.
From the 4th century bC arched constructions were
built, above ground; these brought water from far away
places to the needy. Sometimes the arches were decorated.